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Our Services

Our Services

Our Services

Brookes Bell Group has developed a unique team of experienced software engineers to work with boxed and bespoke software products for both Marine and Offshore sector clients.

Scientists within the Brookes Bell Group can provide unrivalled technical knowledge relating to the transportation of all types of commodity carried at sea.

An experienced and dedicated team of loss adjusters focused on resolving marine and energy claims in Asia Pacific and beyond.

Brookes Bell Group provides the full range of marine Hull, Cargo and P&I survey services from all its offices in the UK and across Asia.

Specialists from all disciplines of Brookes Bell regularly act as expert witnesses in Courts and Arbitrations or to aid claim resolution through Mediation.

Brookes Bell brings a wealth of practical experience alongside innovative technology and advanced computational techniques to bring about design advances that promote maritime safety.

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Brookes Bell provides specialist support to the global marine and offshore industries in the field of casualty investigation.

Brookes Bell Group provides Expertise. A wealth of practical experience is combined with contemporary knowledge to offer an extraordinary skill set for the Marine and Energy sectors. The Group’s expertise is regularly tested to the highest level by providing Litigation Support through expert evidence in Courts and Arbitrations around the World.

The Group is a leader in research and development of ship design to enhance maritime safety and technology. Out in the field, Casualty Investigation, Salvage and Wreck Removal Operations, Forensic Engineering and Claim Resolution are the daily staples for Brookes Bells renowned group of Marine Surveyors, Naval Architects, Scientists, Fire Investigators, Metallurgists and Loss Adjusters.

Passenger Comfort & Smoke Funnel Optimisation

Design Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group has lead the way in the use of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to improve passenger comfort on open decks due to wind flow and funnel smoke.

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Brookes Bell has focused its development in this area to allow analyses to be carried out in the space of a few hours which allows for rapid design iterations to be considered.

Providing you with data within hours of receiving CAD data allows you to -

  • Examine contour maps of wind comfort over deck spaces
  • Consider recommendations for comfort enhancing features
  • Make fast design alterations and improve deck layouts
  • Discuss options, such as slatted roofs and the use of tension fabric

When you want to provide a comfortable environment, Brookes Bell creates options, including -

  • Removal or resizing of railings
  • Improvements to passenger flow on deck
Reducing the smell from funnel smoke

Modern passenger vessels present an ever-increasing challenge in terms of smell annoyance as funnels reduce in size relative to the size of the superstructure. At the same time, passengers and owners are demanding greater levels of smell comfort. In this respect Brookes Bell employs CFD to -

  • Check the feasibility of funnel sizes at an early stage in the design
  • Identify reasons for funnel smells on deck and to provide solutions
  • Develop optimum pipe arrangement and funnel fairings to minimise smells on deck

 

 

 

Intact & Damage Stability Analysis

Design Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group has extensive experience in the field of stability assessment with regards to both Intact and Damage stability.

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Brookes Bell Group has extensive experience in the field of stability assessment with regards to both Intact and Damage stability. Our experienced Naval Architects regularly carry out stability assessments for various vessel types (listed below) and are proficient in both deterministic stability standards such as IS 2008 and SOLAS'90, as well as more complex probabilistic stability standards such as SOLAS Regulation 25, IMO A.265 and SOLAS'2009.

  • Small working vessels (fishing vessels, tugs)
  • Offshore supply vessels
  • Passenger ferries of varying sizes
  • Cruise vessels
  • Bulk carriers
  • High speed vessels
  • Mega yachts

We employ industry standard software packages such as NAPA to assist in our assessments and all of our Naval Architects working in this field are experienced NAPA users, able to assist both in the office or on-site if required by the client.

Our experience and expertise in this area allows us to provide owners/operators with a cost effective service when evaluating the stability of their vessels to resolve loading issues, and allows us to assist in reviewing potential charter options to ensure rule compliance will not be an issue when moving vessels between operation routes or re‑flagging.

 

 

Intact & Damage Stability Analysis

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has extensive experience in the field of stability assessment with regards to both Intact and Damage stability.

Information

Brookes Bell Group has extensive experience in the field of stability assessment with regards to both Intact and Damage stability. Our experienced Naval Architects regularly carry out stability assessments for various vessel types (listed below) and are proficient in both deterministic stability standards such as IS 2008 and SOLAS'90, as well as the more complex probabilistic stability standards such as SOLAS Regulation 25, IMO A.265 and SOLAS'2009.

  • Small working vessels (fishing vessels, tugs)
  • Offshore supply vessels
  • Passenger ferries of varying sizes
  • Cruise vessels
  • Bulk carriers
  • High speed vessels
  • Mega yachts

We employ industry standard software packages such as NAPA to assist in our assessments and all of our Naval Architects working in this field are experienced NAPA users able to assist both in the office or on-site if required by the client.

Our experience and expertise in this area allows us to assist clients when reviewing vessel compliance with the relevant stability standards at the time of an incident. We are able to quickly evaluate loading condition compliance and check the impact of the as-built watertight configuration of the vessel against the design documentation and regulatory requirements. We also regularly assist in charter party disputes with regards to cargo deadweight capacity issues relating to stability compliance, and can provide fast independent calculations to support our clients. Our understanding of the way the various stability regulations are applied for different vessel types allows us to clearly provide advice on what regulations are relevant in various types of scenarios.

Our Naval Architects have experience in new building design support which allows us to assist in new-building disputes where we are able to support clients when evaluating a vessels stability performance against the design specification.

 

 

Stability Approval Documentation

Design Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group has drawn from our years of experience dealing with stability assessment and our good working relationships with various class societies and flag administrations.

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Brookes Bell Group has drawn from our years of experience dealing with stability assessment and our good working relationships with various class societies and flag administrations, and has developed what we believe to be a high quality product which enables us to -

  • Produce consistent documentation
  • Allows for quick changes
  • Reduces delays
  • Cuts costs by saving time

Our experienced Naval Architects have developed a process for producing a set of documents using the industry standard software package NAPA which enables them to quickly make changes during the approval process which minimises delays.

Whether it be for a small ferry or a large cruise liner Brookes Bell are able to quickly and accurately produce documents including -

  • Intact stability submission
  • Damage stability submission (SOLAS'90, A.265, SOLAS'2009, STOCKHOLM Agreement)
  • Damage Control Manuals
  • Stability and Loading Manuals
  • Damage Control Plans

Once a set of documents has been produced, changes which may be required later in the vessels life, e.g. updates due to lightweight surveys, can quickly and easily be included and re-submitted in very short timescales which avoids delays and also reduces cost.

 

 

Stockholm Agreement compliance including model tests supervision

Design Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group has been and still is one of the market leaders in the area of Ro-Pax and Ro-Ro conversions for the STOCKHOLM Agreement.

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Brookes Bell Group has been and still is one of the market leaders in the area of Ro-Pax and Ro-Ro conversions for the STOCKHOLM Agreement. Our extensive experience in this area, having been involved in 100+ conversion projects for the STOCKHOLM Agreement, means we have an unrivaled understanding of the problems involved and more importantly the options and possible routes available for compliance.

Brookes Bell has carried conversion studies, involving both the calculation and the model test method for demonstrating compliance, and has Naval Architects with extensive experience in supervising the model experiments which have to be formally witnessed and approved by class/flag. This experience allows us to provide on the spot solutions and advice to deal with issues which may arise during the model tests and, in most cases, allows us to avoid costly delays being incurred by our clients.

Our in-house developed simulations software allows us to make the model test method route for demonstrating compliance a viable and cost effective option. The direct calculation method can prove to be extremely conservative, especially when considering older vessels. By using our in-house simulation software we are able to predict the outcome of the model experiments which all but eliminates the possible need to have to repeat tests which can be expensive and very time consuming.

By using a combination of our experience, simulation software and model test supervision skills it is possible for us to offer an unparalleled and cost effective service to our clients.

 

 

Stability verification for conversions / upgrades

Design Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group has been involved in numerous vessel conversions/upgrades where we have drawn on our combined expertise in various disciplines to provide clients with cost effective solutions.

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Brookes Bell Group has been involved in numerous vessel conversions/upgrades where we have drawn on our combined expertise in various disciplines to provide clients with cost effective solutions. We have worked on a number of vessel types ranging from small ferries to large cruise liners, where we have looked at conversions dealing with aspects such as:

  • PAX increase
  • Cargo deadweight increase
  • Draught increase
  • Scrubber installation
  • Lengthening
  • Changes to stability regulations due to re-flagging
  • STOCKHOLM Agreement
  • Ducktail/Sponson installations

Our experienced Naval Architects specialising in stability assessment work closely with our clients to ensure that an optimal solution is met. This is achieved by calling on group members from other disciplines so that the best advice can be obtained.

Our Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) capabilities and expertise in hull appendage design have been used on numerous occasions to complement the conversion study process, ensuring that conversion projects involving changes to the hull shape, e.g. ducktails and sponsons, do not cause a negative impact, and in some cases have been re-designed to improve the existing performance of the vessel.

Flooding survivability analysis by simulation

Design Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group is one of the market leaders in the field of numerical flooding simulations and has invested greatly in this field over the past 20 years.

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Brookes Bell Group is one of the market leaders in the field of numerical flooding simulations and has invested greatly in this field over the past 20 years. To this end, the group has developed its own time domain flooding simulation software PROTEUS which is capable of modelling the dynamic behaviour of intact and damaged vessels in waves and the way flood water progresses through a damaged vessel.

The PROTEUS software which has been verified against numerous model experiments can be used to carry out MONTE CARLO simulations; these simulations provide an overall level of survivability for a vessel, which has been shown to represent a more realistic level than that currently obtained from the statutory SOLAS'2009 damage stability calculations. The detailed results from this type of study can be used to highlight areas of low survivability in a design and/or critical openings which lead to progressive flooding and capsize, and potentially can be used to make changes to the vessels' layout to improve these areas. MONTE CARLO simulations have been carried out for a number of clients on vessel types ranging from Ferries to Cruise Liners.

This state of the art simulation tool enables both owners and designers to evaluate their existing vessels or new buildings and to establish a more realistic level of the vessels' survivability. If this type of approach is applied in the early stages of the design process, it is possible to dramatically improve the overall survivability of a design without having to consider costly and less efficient design changes later in the new building process.

Inclining Experiment

Surveying Services

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Brookes Bell Group Naval Architects have extensive experience in conducting incline experiments on a wide range of vessel types and sizes.

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Brookes Bell Group Naval Architects have extensive experience in conducting incline experiments on a wide range of vessel types and sizes, including:

  • RO-RO ferries
  • Mega yachts
  • Semi-submersible platforms
  • Naval vessels

An incline experiment and associated lightship survey are used to determine the lightship weight and centre of gravity position of a vessel. Knowing these values accurately is critical to determine the stability characteristics of the vessel for any loading condition. In accordance with SOLAS, every ship must be inclined at build or after significant modifications have been made to the ship's structure.

Brookes Bell prides itself on the quality of the services we provide and to that end we ensure that when we carry out incline experiments we supply only experienced Naval Architects who understand the critical aspects of the procedure and are able to ensure that accurate results are obtained.

Our Naval Architects are able to attend vessels worldwide and can therefore meet the vessel at a suitable location which will minimise the out of service time for the vessel.

Draught Survey

Surveying Services

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Brookes Bell Group surveyors have experience in conducting draught surveys on vessels carrying various types of dry bulk cargo.

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Brookes Bell Group surveyors have experience in conducting draught surveys on vessels carrying various types of dry bulk cargo.

Draught surveys are used to determine the weight of any type of cargo, either loaded or unloaded from a vessel. The surveys are quick to perform and can provide an accurate weight measurement for even large quantities of cargo. Conducting a thorough survey and obtaining precise measurements are key to ensuring the accuracy of draught surveys.

Brookes Bell prides itself on the quality of the services we provide and to that end we ensure that when we carry out draught surveys we supply only experienced surveyors who understand the critical aspects of the procedure and are able to ensure that accurate results are obtained.

Our surveyors are able to attend vessels worldwide and can therefore meet the vessel at the required port during loading operations.

Lightweight Survey

Surveying Services

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Brookes Bell Group Naval Architects have extensive experience in conducting lightweight surveys on a wide range of vessel types and sizes.

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Brookes Bell Group Naval Architects have extensive experience in conducting lightweight surveys on a wide range of vessel types and sizes, including:

  • RO-RO ferries
  • Mega yachts
  • Semi-submersible platforms
  • Naval vessels

SOLAS requires a lightweight survey to be conducted at least every five years in order to confirm the lightship weight and longitudinal centre of gravity of the vessel. The results are used to determine the stability characteristics for any loading condition and are compared against the values used in the vessel's approved stability documentation.

Brookes Bell prides itself on the quality of the services we provide and to that end we ensure that when we carry lightweight surveys we supply only experienced Naval Architects who understand the critical aspects of the procedure and are able to ensure that accurate results are obtained.

Our Naval Architects are able to attend vessels worldwide and can therefore meet the vessel at a suitable location which will minimise disruption to vessel operations.

Hull Form Design

Design Services

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Brookes Bell Group has the capability of designing and analysing up to 120 designs over a 24 hour period by using large numbers of powerful computer processes and parametric hull form modelling techniques.

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Brookes Bell Group has extensive expertise in hull form development. Before its merger with Brookes Bell, Safety At Sea was one of the first firms to offer this service using full RANSE CFD, and we have continued to refine the processes allowing rapid prototyping of new designs.

The company has the capability of designing and analysing up to 120 designs over a 24 hour period by using large numbers of powerful computer processes and parametric hull form modelling techniques. This allows the development of systematic series at low cost and allows for better and better designs to evolve.

Brookes Bell has experience in designing:

  • Cruise liner hull forms
  • River cruise boats (shallow draught)
  • Super high block coefficient river cargo vessels
  • Fishing vessels
  • Super yachts
  • Ropax vessels.

 

 

Ship handling and manoeuvring

Litigation Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group offers a state of the art manoeuvring simulation service for port risk assessment projects and casualty investigations.

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Brookes Bell Group offers a state of the art manoeuvring simulation service for port risk assessment projects and casualty investigations. Our manoeuvring simulation software (BBSim) uses the latest research in manoeuvring in confined waterways and harbour to allow the testing of what-if scenarios for vessel collisions and recreation of historical accidents. Drawing on the group's Master Mariners for operational advice, we offer a world-beating service in this field. Typical projects have included:

  • Investigation of cargo vessel harbour collisions.
  • Berthing and unberthing analysis.
  • Container port layout design.
  • Design performance assessment of ship terminals.

Simulations of this type have been used extensively in opinion work involving collision and grounding cases, as well as evaluating new designs, particularly for the configuration of manoeuvring devices such as rudders and thrusters etc.

Brookes Bell has developed its in house BBSIM simulation tool to include features and capabilities such as:

  • Optimisation routines for tuning characteristics to full scale data (available on wheelhouse posters).
  • Ability to account for shallow water, bank effects.
  • Special, dedicated models for harbour manoeuvres (low speed, large drift angles).

Brookes Bell has also developed a capability in manoeuvring and ship handling using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This approach allows more accurate solutions taking into account the specific hull forms or channel bathymetry required for the analysis. Typical applications include:

  • Calculation of ship interaction forces for confined water using actual channel/ship geometry.
  • Simulation of manoeuvres for atypical hull forms (catamaran, high speed craft, etc.).
  • Calculation of forces from manoeuvring devices (thruster tunnels, rudder/propeller interaction).

 

 

Propulsion Problems

Litigation Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group has specialists in model basin testing, sea trial conduct and propulsion theory to assist in a range of issues arising during a new building project.

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For a vessel to achieve its full potential in terms of performance, it is crucial that a proper match is made between the engine and the propeller. Initial propeller selection is normally done on the basis of model experiments performed in a model basin; it is only when the sea trial is conducted that the propeller selection can be confirmed or problems are revealed.

Brookes Bell Group has specialists in model basin testing, sea trial conduct and propulsion theory to assist in a range of issues arising during a new building project:

  • Insufficient light running margin.
  • Retrofitting energy saving devices.
  • Poor fuel consumption.
  • Manoeuvring issues (crash stop/ahead), acceleration/deceleration.
  • Propeller cavitation/ventilation.
  • Conduct of sea trial.

The company is able to bring its considerable expertise in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to issues arising from sea trials to assist in diagnosing propulsion issues and determining the best corrective actions, or to assist in claims which may arise following a new building dispute.

Helicopter landing operability analysis

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has extensive experience in performing Helideck operability studies according to CAP437 by adopting computational fluid dynamics (CFD).

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Brookes Bell Group has extensive experience in performing Helideck operability studies according to CAP437 by adopting computational fluid dynamics (CFD).

We have invested heavily to develop an impressive capability in automatic model generation (meshing) allowing the rapid development of complex geometries such as offshore rigs and FPSOs. This allows us to directly use our client supplied CAD files and offer a fast and cost effective turnaround on projects.

We are committed to providing our clients with the highest level of service and are continuing to develop our abilities in this area by investing in new software/hardware and by using people with extensive experience in this area.

 

 

 

Bespoke Software Development

Software Products

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Brookes Bell Group can produce complete software products tailored for the client's needs, carrying out all stages of development from gathering the necessary requirements through to software installation, training and support.

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Brookes Bell Group employs a number of highly trained software engineers specialising in interface design and development. We also employ a number of Mathematicians with knowledge of programming to assist with algorithm development for more complex software applications.

The company can produce complete software products tailored for the client's needs, carrying out all stages of development from gathering the necessary requirements through to software installation, training and support.

All products are developed in compliance to the ISO 9001:2008 quality assurance standard. Some examples include:

  • A computational tool for assessing the cargo capacity utilisation rate of container ships for given lashing systems.
  • An integrated, on-board, loading computer and static stability tool with optional modules for assisted ballasting operations.
  • A management tool for the support of crew activities and restoring actions in the event of Safe Return To Port scenarios.

Technical Investigation of cargo claims

Litigation Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group has a proven track record of assisting clients with various types of cargo disputes. Our expertise can be traced back over 30 years and we have a strong record of success in providing expert evidence for litigation.

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Brookes Bell Group has a proven track record of assisting clients with various types of cargo disputes. Our expertise can be traced back over 30 years and we have a strong record of success in providing expert evidence for litigation.

Our Scientists have backgrounds in:

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Geosciences
Foods & feedstuffs

Brookes Bell regularly advises on bulk foodstuffs (grain, oilseeds, sugar etc.) and animal feeds (seed cakes etc,). We are able to assist our clients with all aspects of deterioration, spoilage, heating, contamination, quality disputes, food/feed safety, GM food regulations and other losses. We have extensive reference material and access to studies and data on all types of commodity.

Non-agricultural solid bulk cargoes

We advise on regulatory and safety issues arising during the carriage of solid bulk cargoes, including ores, coal, sulphur, DRI and fertilisers, and on cargo claims arising in these commodities. Liquid cargoes: Brookes Bell Scientists can assist with claims relating to many types of liquid cargoes. We have knowledge of the processing and refining of animal and vegetable fats/oils and related commodities and the scientific principles which underlie their modes of deterioration. We advise on sampling and analysis. Our Chemists also advise on matters relating to the carriage and deterioration of chemical cargoes.

Refrigerated cargoes

Brookes Bell Scientists advise on claims arising during the carriage of refrigerated cargoes, including chilled fruit/vegetables and frozen cargoes, carried in refrigerated cargo vessels or in containers. Such claims often require a multi-disciplinary approach. We can cover all aspects of reefer claims in-house, combining the expertise of our scientists, reefer engineers, master mariners and naval architects as required in each instance.

Packaged and containerised goods

We advise on regulatory and safety issues and investigates cargo claims and cargo-related casualties (e.g. fires/explosions).

Cargo advice (loss prevention and regulatory IMSBC/IMDG codes)

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group Scientists can draw on 50 years of continuous experience advising shipping companies on cargo and commodity advice, including the safe carriage of hazardous and dangerous goods.

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Brookes Bell Group Scientists can draw on 50 years of continuous experience advising shipping companies on cargo and commodity advice, including the safe carriage of hazardous and dangerous goods. Their heritage before joining Brookes Bell included:

  • Dr R F Milton & Partners (1965-85)
  • Jarrett Kirman & Partners (1985-98)

We have a unique depth and breadth of scientific cargo expertise:

  • Commodity advice.
  • IMSBC/IMDG/SOLAS/MARPOL regulations.
  • Loss prevention advice.
  • Forensic investigations.

We can offer assistance in understanding and interpreting all aspects of the IMDG Code for the carriage of packaged goods, and the IMSBC Code for bulk commodities, such as:

  • Liquefaction/Group A (iron ore fines, concentrates, nickel ore)
  • Seed Cake
  • Coal
  • Direct Reduced Iron (DRI)
  • Sulphur
  • Fertiliser
  • And many others.

We have expertise regarding the correct categorising and declaration of dangerous goods and we can assist with the UN Standard Tests which define the hazard classes.

Our service covers the full range of issues arising from carriage of these cargoes:

  • Loss prevention
  • Declarations
  • Pre-loading surveys
  • Cargo claims.

Cargo Liquefaction

Litigation Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group is industry-leading in the field of cargo liquefaction.

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Brookes Bell Group is industry-leading in the field of cargo liquefaction. We have had a major presence in the evaluation for the safe carriage of:

  • Nickel ore
  • Iron ore fines
  • Other commodities liable to liquefy.

Our global presence in both the Far East and Europe allows our Scientists to carry out attendances on site during the loading of cargoes liable to liquefy and to advise on proper sampling and laboratory testing of these materials.

Brookes Bell provides emergency assistance in instances of cargo liquefaction occurring at sea resulting in casualties or calls at ports of refuge. Our knowledge and expertise have been used to provide extensive technical advice and information to the marine industry in the form of:

  • Articles
  • Lectures
  • Training seminars
  • Other loss prevention advice.

Our reputation and standing in this area is further demonstrated in that we have advised industry bodies including BIMCO, the International Group and Intercargo on liquefaction issues.

Commissioning and witnessing forensic laboratory testing

Litigation Support Services

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With its extensive knowledge of laboratory techniques, the Brookes Bell Group can help when laboratory work needs to be commissioned.

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With its extensive knowledge of laboratory techniques, the Brookes Bell Group can help when laboratory work needs to be commissioned.

Getting the right laboratory and the right testing method is a very important part of the process of getting the correct accurate answer. We draw on our extensive experience to assist our clients by advising on the selection of test methods and any preparatory work which may be required, since this is often a crucial part of the testing process.

Brookes Bell assists clients by:

  • Processing raw laboratory data and making it readily understood.
  • Helping clients to analyse and understand the significance of test data.
  • Explaining the reliability or accuracy of results.
  • Interpreting laboratory results in the context of claims.

Mechanical component failures

Litigation & Claims Services

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Brookes Bell Group brings together expertise from across the Group to assist with land based, offshore or marine investigations into mechanical component failure.

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Brookes Bell Group brings together expertise from across the Group to assist with land based, offshore or marine investigations into mechanical component failure.

Examining the full circumstances of your component failure, the Group will consider:

  • Corrosion
  • Welding failure
  • Abnormal current
  • Fatigue
  • Unintended command failure
  • Maintenance
  • Human error - including design, specification and operational.

Bringing together a team of specialist Marine Engineers and expert Naval Architects from across the group, we pool knowledge and experience to find the right answer quickly and efficiently.

Whether you want to know why a single bolt failed or you have experienced hull structure failure, Brookes Bell is capable of all types of investigation including the most in depth and complex.

Investigating, consulting and reporting to you, the group will examine ferrous and nonferrous components, including:

  • Structural members
  • Shafts
  • Gears
  • Bearings
  • Crane wire ropes
  • All marine, offshore and energy industry components.

Aiming to keep your costs down, our flexible approach includes using our inspection centres in conjunction with third party laboratories, speeding up the investigation process.

Corrosion failures / issues

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Helping to protect your assets our specialist teams assembled from across the Group include expert Marine Engineers, Naval Architects and Scientists.

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Brookes Bell Group advises on corrosion failure onshore, offshore or anywhere across the marine and energy industries to:

  • Identify cause
  • Reduce corrosion risk
  • Prevent future loss.

Helping to protect your assets our specialist teams assembled from across the Group include expert Marine Engineers, Naval Architects and Scientists.

Providing you with a comprehensive service built on shared experience and knowledge, the Group investigates the full spectrum of circumstances leading to corrosion failure, including:

  • General and localised corrosion
  • Intergranular or microbiological corrosion
  • Weld or stray current corrosion
  • Stress corrosion or hydrogen sulphide cracking
  • Fatigue and corrosion fatigue
  • Fretting and wear or erosion
  • Overload
  • Brittle fracture and hydrogen embrittlement.

Consulting with you, Brookes Bell will establish the facts and provide detailed reports so you understand the problem and have the information needed to take necessary action.

Whether you have a corrosive cargo or pipe work problems, Brookes Bell has the experts you need to meet the challenge of corrosion.

Processing of metallic cargoes

Litigation Support

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group offers expert advice and guidance on damaged ferrous cargo.

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If you need the advice of a specialist Naval Architect or Marine Engineer Brookes Bell combines knowledge and experience held across the group to deliver a comprehensive consultancy approach to handling:

  • Rebar
  • Cold rolled steel coils
  • Hot rolled steel coils
  • Steel slabs
  • Finished and semi-finished steel products.

Advising you how to proceed, Brookes Bell finds a solution on your behalf to process:

  • Rusted cargo
  • Galvanised steel with white rust
  • Non-ferrous cargo such as aluminium.

Investigating on your behalf, the Group identifies cause and risks relating to:

  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Ventilation
  • Contamination
  • Toxicity.

Handling your concerns across the maritime and offshore industries Brookes Bell provides accurate reports and offers expert opinion.

By fully utilising the skills, experience and knowledge held in house, the Group provides cost effective solutions to help you run your business more efficiently.

Conformity to Specifications

Litigation Support Services

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Brookes Bell Group has an in house team of specialist investigators ready to establish the facts when there are concerns that a metal component or structure failed, causing a marine, offshore on onshore incident.

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Brookes Bell Group has an in house team of specialist investigators ready to establish the facts when there are concerns that a metal component or structure failed, causing a marine, offshore on onshore incident.

Offering you a comprehensive and scientific approach, the Group assembles Naval Architects, Marine Engineers and Metallurgists to create a team with differing but complementary knowledge and experience.

Applying technical and scientific skills to investigations gives you an authoritative and persuasive assessment of the facts. Brookes Bell's Metallurgists will represent you as an expert witness in:

  • Arbitration
  • Court proceedings.

Whether you work offshore in the energy sector, or in any maritime business, our Group has extensive industrial experience.

Providing you with a specialist opinion in reports to create detailed evidence, the Scientists across Brookes Bell comment on:

  • Specifications
  • Compliance
  • International standards (such as ISO or ASTM)
  • Re-manufacture of components.

Fire Investigation

Casualty Investigation Services

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Brookes Bell Group has developed a team of fire investigators who are highly qualified and experienced.

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Brookes Bell Group has developed a team of fire investigators who are highly qualified and experienced. Drawn from multi-disciplined backgrounds, including physics, chemistry and thermodynamics and metallurgy, along with Mariners and Engineers, we provide all the possible skill sets required for accurate determination of cause. We are equally at home in a marine or land-based environment.

A fire scene is a complex and challenging environment in which to work, more so to establish the cause of the fire. A fire investigator needs to be capable of gathering large amounts of information in a limited period of time and then to use the information appropriately to establish the cause, development of the fire and the underlying factors that contributed to the ignition source.

Our fire investigators are amongst the most respected in their fields and have many years' experience in producing reports and providing expert evidence in courtrooms.

Bunker Fuel Quality Disputes

Litigation Support

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has a broad range of expertise which can be called upon in connection with the investigation and handling of bunker claims and associated engine damage disputes.

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Brookes Bell Group has a broad range of expertise which can be called upon in connection with the investigation and handling of bunker claims and associated engine damage disputes.

We have Engineers with firsthand experience in investigating ship-board engine operating difficulties and fuel handling issues which may be linked to fuel and/or lubricant quality, who provide opinion on causation and guidance on mitigation issues.

We have fuel chemistry specialists who advise on fuel specification issues and provide interpretation of laboratory test and investigative analysis data.

In cases of dispute, our chemists offer advice on sampling and testing, and will formulate and arrange detailed analysis programmes designed to (i) assess compliance with routine ISO 8217 Table 2 test requirements, (ii) investigate the presence of adulterants (which may place the fuel in breach of the General Requirements of the International Standard) and (iii) explore causal damage mechanisms.

Our Marine Engineers and Chemists also work hand-in-hand with our Metallurgists who undertake detailed examinations of engine parts, generating further evidence to link potentially with the findings of the engineering and fuel testing investigations.

Each of our disciplines prepares detailed reports for use in arbitration and litigation, but our particular strength in the field of bunker claims derives from our capacity to provide a comprehensive, multi-disciplined approach which is invariably required.

 

 

 

Crane Services

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

The complementary skill sets within Brookes Bell, including engineering, metallurgy and high end computational analyses, can be combined as required, without duplication of work, to best suit the technicalities of the problem faced.

Information

Over recent years Brookes Bell Group has expanded and developed its specialist capabilities with regard to the forensic investigation of crane incidents. We have been involved with numerous cases where our advice has been tested to the highest level in matters concerning crane design, operation and failure.

We are able to attend incidents on a worldwide rapid response basis with experienced engineers located in both the Far East and UK. Whilst many crane disputes initially appear to be relatively minor, it is common for associated costs to rapidly escalate when the consequences of the incident are fully evaluated and assessed. Accurate advice provided at an early stage can save clients significant costs being incurred as matters progress.

The complementary skill sets within Brookes Bell, including engineering, metallurgy and high end computational analyses, can be combined as required, without duplication of work, to best suit the technicalities of the problem faced.

Whilst historically our core specialism has involved the investigation of shipboard cranes, we have also been successfully involved with incidents relating to shore side port and offshore cranes and lifting appliances.

 

 

Dock Damage

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

At Brookes Bell Group we have a wealth of experience investigating and advising on the management and control of dock damages.

Information

At Brookes Bell Group we have a wealth of experience investigating and advising on the management and control of dock damages. We have been appointed to act on behalf of owners, charterers, managers and their legal teams at a number of UK and overseas ports.

Our team of experienced Master Mariners, Marine Engineers, and Naval Architects are ready to work as a composite team following a contact incident to gather all the relevant information and advice on the impact and necessary repairs. This includes interviews with the master/crew and joint inspections with the port authorities looking to agree the way forward.

We have provided expert evidence with respect to docks walls (concrete/steel/stone/brick etc.), lock gates, caissons, high impact fenders and dolphin type berth arrangements. We have also advised on the replacement of a variety of mobile/loose fender type installations.

For a number of UK ports we hold a portfolio of previous and historical damages, including details on previous costings. By reference to this information and database, we are able to advise whether or not there may have been pre-existing damage at that location or, more importantly, we are able to provide a more accurate quantum regarding the likely cost of proposed repairs for the different ports going forward.

 

MARPOL Services

Surveying Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has independent Marine Surveyors and Consultants who specialise in the forensic investigation of marine casualties and incidents on a worldwide basis.

Information

For the ship owner and manager, breaches of MARPOL regulations potentially represent their largest uninsured risk. In the present rapidly evolving regulatory climate, major emphasis has been placed on environmental protection. It is of a high order of importance for ship owners and managers to be fully aware and compliant with current requirements and to look forward to the necessary implementation of future legislation. It is important for P&I Clubs to assure themselves that their members are taking adequate measures to reduce the levels of associated environmental risk.

Brookes Bell Group has independent Marine Surveyors and Consultants who specialise in the forensic investigation of marine casualties and incidents on a worldwide basis, ultimately providing evidence in court and arbitrations as expert witnesses. Because of Brookes Bell's experience in having investigated numerous pollution incidents to their ultimate conclusions, we are ideally placed to advise ship owners, in a pro-active manner, with regard to reducing the risk of potential future incidents involving their ships. Brookes Bell has developed a programme of MARPOL auditing which has now been successfully carried out on a large number of vessels.

On-board surveys are aimed at covering all aspects of operation with regard to environmental issues, utilising a pragmatic risk-based approach to identify both weak areas and strong areas in comparison to present policy and relevant regulations. This audit programme is considered to be industry leading, providing advice to best practice, beyond the baseline of regulatory compliance.

We have assisted ship owners and managers in development and implementation of MARPOL compliance programmes, provided on board training to ships' staff and shore based training to both senior seagoing and office based management personnel.

Speed and consumption disputes

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has vast experience of investigating speed and consumption performance disputes, on behalf of owners, charterers, managers and ship builders.

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Brookes Bell Group has vast experience of investigating speed and consumption performance disputes, on behalf of owners, charterers, managers and ship builders. The vessel types investigated include:

  • General cargo ships
  • Container ships
  • VLCC's
  • Dry bulk carriers of all sizes.

Using various documents, including the deck and engine log books, voyage abstracts, charter party and contemporaneous messages, we assess the vessel's performance by reference to the good weather parameters specified in the contractual agreement between the parties, to derive any resultant time lost/gained or fuel over/under consumed. The periods considered can very between a single trans-ocean voyage to six years.

We are also frequently called upon to review routing company performance reports and provide technical opinion on the background information and methodology employed to derive their results.

An increasing area of work in the last couple of years has been the fall off in performance due to hull fouling. In such cases, in addition to our Master Mariner and Marine Engineer consultants, we utilise the services of our PhD Scientist consultants for input on where and when any fouling occurred to establish the responsible party.

Piracy Issues

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell has expertise in line with Best Management Practice, in voyage planning, rerouteing, vessel preparedness and embarking security personnel and can provide advice to operators and crew.

Information

The dramatic rise in Somali piracy from around 2008 required the shipping industry to change its approach to keeping vessels safe from attack. Brookes Bell Group has experienced Master Mariners who undertook these changes while serving at sea and are therefore uniquely placed to provide advice and support disputes and claims arising from this.

Recent trends in piracy have now shifted from Somalia and the Gulf of Aden to other hotspots, notably off West Africa and South-East Asia, meaning this type of issue is becoming more frequent and has to be addressed.

Brookes Bell has expertise in line with Best Management Practice, in voyage planning, rerouteing, vessel preparedness and embarking security personnel and can provide advice to operators and crew.

We have been involved in high profile Charterparty disputes such as delays for rerouteing and off-hire, where we draw on our extensive practical experience to provide our instructing lawyers or legal teams with expert opinion and advice.

Cargo Shortage Claims and Quantification Surveys

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group provides specialist analysis, accurate assessment of cargo shortage likelihood and helps to reduce the risk of loss.

Information

Brookes Bell Group provides specialist analysis, accurate assessment of cargo shortage likelihood and helps to reduce the risk of loss.

Responding to allegations of shortage, the Group examines documents to provide:

  • Analysis and re-calculation of cargo quantities pre loading and post discharge.
  • Details of potential voyage loss factors and parallel operations.
  • Assessment of in-transit losses such as evaporation and clingage.
  • Scrutiny of shore installation records pertaining to cargo quantity.
  • Examination of shore operations with regard to quantity preservation integrity.

When you need precise recalculations of quantity, Brookes Bell uses consistent methods of assessment from first principles obtained pre and post voyage.

Giving you comprehensive analysis, the Group's experts use extensive evidence from ship and shore to verify quantities.

Providing you with a service that prevents loss, Brookes Bell's Marine Experts analyse risk factors linked to historical loss and particular cargoes.

Saving you money by minimising loss, the Group offers a start to finish service, with:

  • Port attendance and shore tank assessment prior to voyage,
  • Critical examination en-route.
  • Port attendance and shore tank analysis post voyage.

AIS / VDR reconstruction and playback

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has developed an in-house VDR/AIS playback tool for reconstruction and analysis of VDR and/or AIS data, each of which can be stored in a variety of formats including their raw encoded states.

Information

Brookes Bell Group has developed an in-house VDR/AIS playback tool for reconstruction and analysis of VDR and/or AIS data, each of which can be stored in a variety of formats including their raw encoded states.

The software package can be used to graphically visualise multiple ships simultaneously on custom backgrounds or official nautical charts, animating the data in real-time or at varying pre-defined playback speeds.

Full user interactive manipulation is available through dynamic zooming/panning and standard media player style controls, giving unparalleled flexibility for customisable static plots or video reconstructions. Additional information, such as navigation light viewing angles and radar and visible ranges, can be included for each vessel which provides additional insight into how the vessels were interacting.

This software package has been used on numerous occasions to evaluate vessel movements prior to and during collision incidents which has allowed our Master Mariners to advise on likely causation and allocation of responsibility. The various options for exporting the final animations or still images makes the software extremely attractive to our clients for use in submitted documentation, and in some cases the software has been provided to assist juries in court cases where visualising and understanding the movements of vessels before an incident is of great importance.

 

 

Stowage and securing assessments

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

At Brookes Bell Group we have a wealth of experience investigating and advising on Stowage and Securing of general and project cargoes.

Information

At Brookes Bell Group we have a wealth of experience investigating and advising on Stowage and Securing of general and project cargoes. We act on behalf of owners, charterers, managers and their legal teams during pre-loading, through loading operations, to post incident analysis and through to providing expert evidence in legal proceedings.

Our team of experienced Master Mariner and Naval Architect consultants are fully versed in the latest statutory requirements. Each understands the legal implications surrounding the stowage and securing of cargo, including SOLAS, Cargo Securing Manuals, CSS Code 2011, and The 2011 Timber Deck Cargo Code.

We have attended worldwide to investigate shifts of cargo on general cargo vessels, bulk carriers, container ships, ro-ro vessels and pure car carriers. We have established a team of experienced Mariner and Naval Architect surveyors who are also proactive is assisting owners by advising on pre-loading surveys of project cargoes. When and where required, our consultants attend during the loading operations to ensure the stowage and securing arrangements are in accordance with statutory requirements and the vessel's own documentation.

 

Stowage and securing assessments

Marine Surveying Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

At Brookes Bell Group we have a wealth of experience investigating and advising on Stowage and Securing of general and project cargoes.

Information

We act on behalf of owners, charterers, managers and their legal teams during pre-loading, through loading operations, to post incident analysis and through to providing expert evidence in legal proceedings.

Our team of experience Master Mariner and Naval Architect consultants are fully versed in the latest statutory requirements. Each understands the legal implications surrounding the stowage and securing of cargo, including SOLAS, Cargo Securing Manuals, CSS Code 2011, and The 2011 Timber Deck Cargo Code.

We have attended worldwide to investigate shifts of cargo on general cargo vessels, bulk carriers, container ships, ro-ro vessels and pure car carriers.

We have established a team of experienced Mariner and Naval Architect surveyors who are also proactive is assisting owners by advising on pre-loading surveys of project cargoes. When and where required, our consultants attend during the loading operations to ensure the stowage and securing arrangements are in accordance with statutory requirements and the vessel's own documentation.

 

 

Container casualty management

Casualty Investigation Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

At Brookes Bell Group we have a wealth of experience investigating and advising on the management and control of container ship casualties.

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At Brookes Bell Group we have a wealth of experience investigating and advising on the management and control of container ship casualties. We have been appointed to act on behalf of owners, charterers, managers and their legal teams during some of the major container ship casualties in recent years (MSC NAPOLI, MSC FLAMINIA, MOL COMFORT, etc.).

Our team of experienced Master Mariners, Marine Engineers, Cargo Scientists, Fire Investigators and Naval Architects are ready to work as a composite team during the early stages of an incident to gather all the relevant information and provide advice on hazardous cargoes, recommended ports of refuge, and thereafter container monitoring during off-loading.

In order to make our assessment as efficient as possible, we have developed an in-house container monitoring management tool. This is a database program that can be used to streamline post incident container assessments as well as keep track of each container during post incident assessments.

One of the benefits of our experience in this type of casualty management is that we are able to streamline the operation in order to make the subsequent reporting and data assessment more cost effective and efficient for our clients.

Technical Management Advice

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell can provide tailored audit services to assess manager performance.

Information

During the course of its core business Brookes Bell Group is commonly required to consider the management of vessels which we have done so to the highest level, providing relevant expert witness evidence in court and arbitration proceedings.

This forensic insight into technical management has developed and expanded into providing services to managers and owners to consider the adequacy and improvement of their own practices.

We have also acted in complex disputes between technical managers and owners. Brookes Bell can provide tailored audit services to assess manager performance.

At a contractual stage, we have provided technical input to modifications to the BIMCO Shipman contract, after identifying the key technical needs of the parties concerned. This has also involved the selection and assessment of ship managers and acting as technical consultants in contract negotiations.

Hull and Machinery surveys

Surveying Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has experienced and highly trained Marine Engineers and Naval Architects who cover all aspects of hull and machinery surveys for collision damage, groundings and structural failures.

Information

Brookes Bell Group has experienced and highly trained Marine Engineers and Naval Architects who cover all aspects of hull and machinery surveys for collision damage, groundings and structural failures. Condition surveys, pre-purchase surveys and on/off-hire surveys are also dealt with by our Marine Engineers and Naval Architects and, where appropriate, Master Mariners.

Together with our Fire Experts, our Marine Engineers investigate engine room fires and explosions and assess the nature and extent of damage. Thermographic surveys can also be arranged and used for loss prevention and investigation aspects. Flooding of machinery spaces and cargo compartments is also dealt with by our Marine Engineers and Naval Architects.

Brookes Bell deals with all types of marine vehicles, including commercial vessels, offshore vessels and installations and yachts (including super and mega yachts). Detailed repair specifications can be prepared and used for comprehensive tendering to ship repairers and shipyards on a worldwide basis. Monitoring of repairs at shipyards is provided by our global network of offices and, in particular, from the Far East offices. Repair invoices are analysed and appropriately approved.

Our Marine Engineers also become involved with assessment of the nature and extent of damage to project cargoes where machinery and structures are involved.

Cargo contamination claims

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Our multi-disciplined team of specialist tanker Mariners and Chemists can draw on experience from across the Brookes Bell Group to investigate cargo contamination claims on your behalf.

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Working for you to establish the precise cause of contamination, having an in-house team of experts at Brookes Bell provides you with:

  • Experience and shared specialist knowledge.
  • Consistent high standards of investigation shared by the whole Group.
  • Cohesion and organisation - a one stop shop to solve multiple issues.

Providing you with the benefit of collective knowledge, the Group's specialist teams examine evidence held in historical documents from different perspectives:

  • Overlapping inquiries into cargo shortage investigations where necessary.
  • Considering cross contamination scenarios.
  • Analysing cargo quantities.

If you need attendance in port, Brookes Bell's specialist teams:

  • Attend the site of contamination before operations are completed
  • Work with local cargo inspectors to ensure evidence is preserved.
  • Obtain relevant and representative samples.
  • Record and retain samples, maintaining their evidentiary integrity.

Offering you with the right choice of testing to provide accurate results, Brookes Bell's expert Marine Chemists and tanker Mariners:

  • Design bespoke testing regimes particular to your circumstances.
  • Trace the nature, extent and cause of contamination. Protect provenance of samples throughout.
  • Form opinions to provide expert advice in reports and statements.

 

Tank coating condition and suitability surveys

Surveying Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group puts together expert in-house teams of specialist Mariners and Chemists with extensive experience of cargo tank condition and suitability issues.

Information

Brookes Bell Group puts together expert in-house teams of specialist Mariners and Chemists with extensive experience of cargo tank condition and suitability issues that:

  • Share knowledge and experience
  • Provide multi-disciplined investigations

Offering you a comprehensive assessment, specialists from across the Group create reports and give evidence in relation to:

  • Cleanliness
  • Condition
  • Suitability of tank coatings

Providing you with a flexible service that advises on a wide variety of cargo, tank coating inspections provide complex analysis and identification of issues linked to:

  • Coating repair
  • Inspection histories

Preventing future loss as well as identifying cause, Brookes Bell's marine experts offer advice that saves money, including -

  • Suggestions for further preparation
  • Recommendations for additional coating

 

 

 

ROB surveys

Surveying Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Cargo Remaining on Board (ROB) can be a major contributor to oil cargo shortages. ROB claims need to be effectively managed, with specialist Tanker Mariners from Brookes Bell Group investigating cargo.

Information

Cargo Remaining on Board (ROB) can be a major contributor to oil cargo shortages. ROB claims need to be effectively managed, with specialist Tanker Mariners from Brookes Bell Group investigating cargo:

  • Heating records
  • Heating effectiveness

Careful examination of historical paperwork will take place on your behalf, with our experts from across the Group considering:

  • Cargo retention clauses in the voyage charterparty
  • Bills of lading issued at the port of loading.

Taking positive steps to avoid loss and the need for a claim, specialist Mariners from Brookes Bell offer a comprehensive service worldwide that includes, where necessary:

  • Attendance and intervention at discharge operation.
  • Encouragement of the use of squeeze dry methods to avoid loss.

Any loss of 0.50% or more is likely to be the subject of a claim of short delivery. Therefore, you need to be prepared to take action to protect yourself and your P&I club from financial loss associated with:

  • Evaporation
  • Leakage to non cargo spaces
  • Retention
  • Pumping deficiencies
  • Crude oil washing
  • Stripping.

 

 

 

Ship-to-ship transfers

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group's specialist Tanker Mariners and Chemists can establish cause and responsibility when things go wrong in ship to ship transfers, complex cargo trading and multiple transfers.

Information

Brookes Bell Group's specialist Tanker Mariners and Chemists can establish cause and responsibility when things go wrong in ship to ship transfers, complex cargo trading and multiple transfers. Careful analysis of incidents reduces the risk of expensive and time consuming legal action or claims.

If you need an investigation team with global experience of STS to identify the source of shortage and contamination, our experts have comprehensive knowledge of incidents linked to:

  • Navigation
  • Command
  • Cargo operation.

Offering you on-site post event investigations wherever you are, a thorough analysis of the history of operations will establish a timeline of events in relation to:

  • Lightening
  • Bunkering
  • Transfer of ownership.

Historical records will be examined on your behalf to provide a comprehensive picture of events. Conducting wide-ranging investigations, the scope of inquiries includes requesting documents held by the owners of:

  • Each vessel involved
  • The STS provider.

The technical advice and risk assessments conducted will be scrutinised to identify anomalies between planning and application of procedures.

Extending the investigation to provide you with the best available evidence, Brookes Bell's specialist Mariners will, where necessary:

  • Interview crew - cross referencing evidence with procedural agreements and events.
  • Interpret VDR recordings.
  • Reconstruct events using computer simulation.

Tank cleaning surveys

Surveying Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group can combine the expertise of in house Mariners and specialist Marine Chemists to provide a comprehensive assessment of cargo tank cleanliness.

Information

Brookes Bell Group can combine the expertise of in house Mariners and specialist Marine Chemists to provide a comprehensive assessment of cargo tank cleanliness.

Pooling the collective knowledge and experience of the Group allows our marine experts to offer wide ranging assessment of suitability for different cargoes requiring:

  • White water standard inspection.
  • High purity standard inspection.

When you have issues of impurity and contamination, Brookes Bell helps resolve complex disputes by combining the structure and discipline of rigid inspection with scientific testing and analysis.

Providing you with detailed reports, the Group's expert Mariners and Chemists offer clear evidence regarding -

  • Planning procedures.
  • Method of cleaning and how appropriate the choice was in comparison to product properties.
  • Effectiveness of the chosen method.
  • Adverse effects from adjacent cargo and surrounding conditions.
  • Equipment used.
  • Performance of cleaning operatives.
  • Product requirements.

If you need a thorough tank survey Brookes Bell will identify issues born out of poor or inappropriate methods, taking samples from all at risk areas, including the:

  • Tank surface and coating
  • Cleaning machine
  • Heating coils
  • Heating coil supports
  • Pump suction well
  • Loading line outlet
  • Tank internals - ladders, thermowells and level indicators.

In all incidences, when you need the representation of a specialist professional witness, Brookes Bell provides technical evidence suitable for the highest standards of court proceedings.

 

 

Forensic engineering for machinery failures

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has experienced Marine Engineers who investigate machinery failures of all types in the marine and offshore environment, including main propulsion and power generation systems, auxiliary machinery and cranes (ships, offshore, shore-side).

Information

Brookes Bell Group has experienced Marine Engineers who investigate machinery failures of all types in the marine and offshore environment, including main propulsion and power generation systems, auxiliary machinery and cranes (ships, offshore, shore-side). These investigations are performed at a forensic level, bringing in other skill sets at Brookes Bell, such as metallurgy and tribology. We deal with all types of wear processes, fatigue, overload and corrosion issues.

Our metallurgical laboratory facilities allow samples, including large items such as sections of propulsion shafting, crankshafts/bearings, crane wires, etc., to be stored following formal custody transfer procedures, so that they are available for further examination and testing jointly with other experts. These skills and facilities are frequently used during expert witness litigation cases.

Our Marine Engineers become involved with investigation of electrical power failures at a forensic level, reconstructing scenarios and analysing alarm recorders. Refrigeration plant and HVAC systems are also covered by our Marine Engineers.

Quayside and Offshore Mooring Analysis

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group offers a range of services for the assessment of moorings both for quayside and offshore mooring arrangement.

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Brookes Bell Group offers a range of services for the assessment of moorings both for quayside and offshore mooring arrangement.

The company has trained staff using the industry standard software Optimoor for vessels at berth and Orcaflex for offshore moorings. Analysis can be performed as part of design studies or forensic investigations involving failed mooring equipment or risers.

For exceptional cases, Brookes Bell offers services in Computational Fluid Dynamics for the calculation of hydrodynamic/aerodynamic loads such as:

  • Ship interaction forces
  • Confined channel (influence of banks and shallow water)
  • Wind forces including shielding effects of obstructions ashore
  • Current and wave drift forces
  • Quayside cushion effect.

 

 

Bespoke Scientific Services

Litigation Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

If you have an unusual cargo problem or a problem with a novel cargo, Brookes Bell Group Scientists can help.

Information

If you have an unusual cargo problem or a problem with a novel cargo, Brookes Bell Group Scientists can help. We have decades of experience of applying our scientific and technical knowledge in difficult or unusual situations.

With our understanding of shipping and access to the other expertise to be found within Brookes Bell, we can offer an unparalleled flexibility of approach.

Control of Well Claims

Loss Adjusting Services

Contact Us: +65 6539 0540

The event may be a dramatic well fire or the development of a subtle flow between geological strata, deep underground. Either way, Control of Well claims require the knowledge of an experienced drilling engineer backed by sound policy interpretation skills.

Information

Based in Singapore, Brookes Bell's Energy Loss Adjusters have the required skill sets on staff.

Former Drilling Engineer and Control of Well specialist, Yeo Min, has handled numerous claims to satisfactory conclusion since joining Brookes Bell in November 2014. The events giving rise to these claims have included:

  • Loss of hole due to fire on a tender rig offshore.
  • Underground loss of control in an HP/HT well in deep water
  • Uncontrolled formation water flows to surface.
  • Onshore Blowout and Fire requiring a complex relief well
  • Geothermal well fracture to surface following earthquake

Yeo Min's contemporary drilling experience, supported by Nigel Carpenter's policy interpretation experience gathered in over 30 years of adjusting experience means that Brookes Bell offers a safe pair of hands for any Insurer instructing on a loss adjuster for a Control of Well Claim.

Construction All Risks

Loss Adjusting Services

Contact Us: +65 6539 0540

Offshore CAR claims vary from the mundane to technically complex failures arising as the oil industry pushes the boundaries of current technology. In addition to solid understanding of WELCAR and its supporting insurance principles, a variety of engineering resources may be required to determine the dividing line between fault or error in design and consequential damage.

Information

Based in Singapore, Brookes Bell have the required skill sets on staff.

Nigel Carpenter has some 25 years' experience handling complex offshore CAR claims as a leading adjuster in the field. He has handled or overseen the adjustment of many high profile claims around the World including -

  • A variety of FPSO turret and mooring related claims in Norway and Angola
  • Major Pipeline losses in the North Sea, offshore India and in Malaysia.
  • Catastrophic coatings failures in the North Sea and offshore West Africa,
  • Platform foundation issues offshore India and offshore Sarawak.
  • Flexible pipeline, umbilical and cable failures in the Far East

Nigel's extensive loss adjusting experience is supported in Singapore by the team comprising an Offshore Installation specialist (Muhammad Afifi), Naval Architects with offshore experience (Andrzej Jasionowski PhD and Mimi Gao PhD), a Metallurgist and a team of Engineers. Effective handling of offshore CAR claims usually requires the coming together of the requisite skill set under an experienced lead adjuster. In most cases, Brookes Bell will be in the unique position of providing that required skill set from in-house resources, with an associated benefit in cost control for clients.

Ship Repairers Legal Liability Claims

Loss Adjusting Services

Contact Us: +65 6539 0540

Effective handling of Ship Repairers' Legal Liability insurance claims invariably start with a thorough damage survey by an experienced marine surveyor. This high level of technical information assists the appointed loss adjusters' and/or Insurers' claims adjuster to help the Yard resolve the matter with Owners on the best possible terms and at the appropriate cost.

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Brookes Bell Group has the resources to assist Ship Repairers' Legal Liability Insurers from initial survey to amicable commercial claim resolution or, to take the matter “all the way” if a Court hearing is required.

Brookes Bell's surveyors regularly appear as Experts in Courts or Arbitrations and are best placed to anticipate issues from the time of initial survey. Hence, they will gather the right evidence while a case is fresh in people's minds and samples are readily available for testing. A claim may arise from a fire in a vessel's accommodation while in the Yard, a propeller shaft incident occurring on sea trials or a catastrophic main engine failure several months after a vessel's return to service. In each case, Brookes Bell's forensic engineering talent will perform a cause investigation of the highest calibre, making certainty on liability more probable and thus facilitating settlement.

With fire investigators, metallurgists and naval architects supporting best in class marine engineering surveyors and loss adjusters, Brookes Bell can deliver the complete service to SRLL Insurers.

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Salvage & Wreck Removal Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

When you find yourself in need of a specialist salvage and wreck removal team, Brookes Bell Group acts fast to solve your problem efficiently and professionally.

Information

Whatever your need, across the Group we provide a one stop shop for expert marine advice, consultation and project management, including -

  • On-site survey and damage assessment
  • SCR for LOF/SCOPIC contracts
  • Risk assessment
  • Cargo science
  • Pollution control and damage assessment
  • Preparation of ITT documentation and tender evaluation
  • On-site monitoring of salvage & wreck removal with comprehensive reporting.

If you need naval architecture solutions Brookes Bell uses -

  • Advanced software developed in-house to produce flooding and refloating calculations
  • Established finite element analysis tools

For your peace of mind and to guarantee the best results consistently, Brookes Bell employs the finest maritime experts working in the industry today.

When you need salvage & wreck removal experts Brookes Bell uses teams of marine specialists made up of highly qualified and experienced -

  • Master mariners and marine engineers
  • Naval architects
  • Scientists - metallurgists, cargo, fuel and chemical experts
  • Mechanical and offshore engineers
  • Fire experts - for fire fighting and investigation

As an Associate Member of the International Salvage Union you can rest assured that the Group has fulfilled the membership criteria of consistently providing successful salvage and pollution prevention.

 

 

 

Collisions & Groundings

Casualty Investigation Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

When you find yourself in need of a specialist salvage and wreck removal team, Brookes Bell Group acts fast to solve your problem efficiently and professionally.

Information

At Brookes Bell Group we have a wealth of experience investigating and advising on vessel collisions and groundings.

Our team of experienced Master Mariners, Marine Engineers, Cargo Scientists, and Naval Architects are ready to work as a composite team following an incident to gather all the relevant information and advice on the cause and extent of damage and potential repair costs.

Our global presence enables our teams to react on short notice and to provide assistance as and when required.

In-house capabilities for casualty management including vessel modelling, stability/strength assessment, IMDG cargo consideration as well as on-site project control are available worldwide, which allows Brookes Bell to provide a complete in-house package.

Our AIS/VDR playback tools allow fast and effective reconstruction of incidents that enable our clients to have an early understanding into the background of the event, which aids in preparing for anticipated claims going forward.

 

 

 

Seakeeping Analysis

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

At Brookes Bell, we have a range of experts who are recognised leaders in the field of vessel motions and seakeeping.

Information

Depending on the requirements of the job we can bring a large range of software and analysis tools to bear:

  • Brookes Bell has developed a vessel dynamics software tool Proteus (also available as part of Qinetiq’s Paramarine software suite)
  • 3D Panel code NEWDRIFT developed by National Technical University of Athens
  • CFD Software ANSYS FLUENT and OPEN FOAM
  • Model test coordination with partner facility at the Vienna Model Basin

We have experience in a wide range of seakeeping problems including:

  • Vessel motions for cargo shifting or lashing loads
  • Passenger/Crew comfort analysis
  • Slamming and deck wetness analysis
  • Green sea damage analysis
  • Tank sloshing
  • Water ingress from green seas

 

 

 

Structural Analysis

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has extensive experience in analysing marine structures with regard to both design and post damage analyses.

Information

Our naval architects regularly carry out structural assessments using manual hand calculations as well as applying advanced Finite Element Analysis (FEA) techniques. An intelligent approach allows us to build informative models without the expense of modelling entire ships or multiple holds. Our capabilities include:

  • Check compliance of structural arrangements against Classification Society rules
  • Design repairs and modifications to existing structures
  • Investigate structural failures
  • Calculate residual strength post damage

We utilise the latest techniques in our assessments and employ industry standard software such as ANSYS where required. Our naval architects have expertise in conducting a wide range of analyses (including linear, non-linear, fatigue, buckling, dynamic) and can assist on-site if required by the client.

Our experience in this area allows us to efficiently identify areas of concern and provide effective solutions to any identified areas of concern. Our analyses have previously been used to assist in damage repair disputes and in legal cases following structural failures.

 

Case Study: Don Pedro

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

A RoRo vessel operating between the Balearic Islands and the Spanish mainland, struck a rock and sank in around 50 metres of water after departing the Port of Ibiza.

Called in within hours of incident to attend and investigate the circumstances and immediate consequences regarding pollution and damage and to co-ordinate emergency response.

Our consultant during a 5-month phase managed:

  • Investigating cause, negotiating with local and governmental Spanish authorities and controlling media involvement
  • Implementing proposed modifications to contain pollutants and managing tenders for theremoval of oils from the wreck, together with investigating damage
  • Overseeing all aspects of decontamination process, oil disposal and claims for property damage

Case Study: Jaami

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

The vessel sank outside Colombo Harbour after making contact with the harbour wall and subsequent flooding.

Our consultant surveyor was appointed as the Special Casualty Representative to manage the removal of oils and subsequent refloating and redelivery of the vessel to the owners. Services included:

  • Full supervision of the contract execution
  • Negotiations for final settlement

Case Study: MSC Napoli

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

A container ship that ran into difficulty in the English Channel.

Our consultants have the skills and capacity to manage complex projects which include:

  • Removing of the aft section wreck from the grounding location
  • Managing the invitation to tender process
  • Stabilising the wreck
  • Skimming oil and removing loose items
  • Removal, transportation and recycling of accommodation during a 60 day, 24/7 operation
  • Preparation of aft section and engine for lifting
  • Clearance of site
  • Seabed scan
  • Clearance of seabed

Case Study: Vale Beijing

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

Very Large Ore Carrier (VLOC) suffered severe damages to ballast tanks and other structure during loading in Brazil, soon after delivery.

Services included:

  • Damage investigation
  • Extensive surveys of the structure
  • Giving advice on ship handling whilst at anchor
  • Environmental impact considerations and liaison with local authorities whilst at anchor
  • Engineering and logistics considerations for redistribution of the cargo for reducing hull stresses
  • Cost monitoring of the salvage company and of other services such as tugs, pilotage, transport, redistribution of cargo
  • Monitoring discharge of cargo
  • Structural analysis of the ballast tanks • Analysing the effectiveness of the modifications
  • Monitoring of the repairs and modifications at the shipyard

Case Study: Riverdance

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

The vessel beached near Blackpool after encountering difficulties during a passage between Warrenpoint in Northern Ireland and Heysham in the UK, during the month of January. Brookes Bell managed all aspects of the operation –employing salvage contractors and managing the tender process for the scrapping and removal of the wreck.

  • Managed engagement of salvage contractors to prepare the vessel for floating out from the grounded position during February and March. The vessel experienced storm conditions, increasing the listing of the wreck with the initial plan being abandoned
  • Brookes Bell advised and managed the extensive tender process for complete wreck and cargo removal, considering numerous submissions on behalf of the ship owners
  • Supervision throughout the twelve week, 3-stage process to dismantle and scrap the wreck in situ from the beach

Case Study: Napoleon Bonaparte

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

A RoRo passenger vessel broke her moorings in the Port of Marseille due to high winds and drifted onto the berth opposite where she made heavy contact causing her to breach her hull and sink at the berth.

Assisted an extensive refloating operation, after which the vessel proceeded to dry dock for permanent repairs. Services included:

  • Inviting to tender and selection of a salvage company
  • Considering environmental risks at port
  • Monitoring and giving assistance at all stages of the refloating operations
  • Computational structural and stability analysis at different stages of the refloating operations, using advanced numerical simulations and reconstruction
  • Investigating the cause of the sinking
  • Stability assessment during the incident
  • Mapping leakage locations on watertight bulkheads, using ultrasonic equipment
  • Computer simulation of the sinking

Case Study: Sea Breeze

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

Whilst on passage off the UK coast suffered flooding of her engine room.

Our consultant surveyors were appointed to investigate the cause of the flooding and monitor the salvage operation.

Services included:

  • Taking statements from the crew
  • Examination of the vessel including the engine room
  • Working with the authorities including MCA and MAIB
  • Assisting with guidance on the refuge
  • Assessing the condition of the vessel and making it safe

Case Study: Bahamas

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

A chemical tanker which sank alongside while discharging Sulphuric Acid in Rio Grande De Sul, Brazil.

Salvage involving discharge of the cargo and refloat. The project escalated into a wreck removal with divers having to operate in diluted acid using special suits. We provided on-site monitoring of the salvage and wreck removal operations, causation investigations, cost monitoring and potential re-tendering of work.

Case Study: Jolly Amaranto

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

A RoRo container vessel grounded while under towage entering the port of Alexandria, Egypt.

Appointed as SCR and attended the casualty during the operation to remove the hydrocarbons before the casualty broke up and became the subject of a wreck removal operation.

Case Study: Conmar Cape

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

Container vessel in transit from Manila to Hong Kong, struck a rock and grounded off Subic Bay. Vessel sustained extensive bottom damage.

Appointed as SCR and attended the casualty for the container cargo lightering, deballasting (including blowing down of double bottom tanks) and refloating phases of this successful salvage operation.

Case Study: Iran Ardebil

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

A container vessel on passage from the Far East to Europe, ran aground on Mayuun Island, Yemen, sustaining serious bottom damage, necessitating a challenging refloat.

At owner’s request, attended and monitored execution of the LOF, which involved an extensive lighterage operation of wet damaged containers with environmentally sensitive contents, refloat from reef damaged grounding site and subsequent redelivery of the vessel in Aden.

Case Study: Alliance Spirit

Salvage & Wreck Removal

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Appointing the Brookes Bell team to manage any salvage wreck removal is the fastest way to solve your problem efficiently, professionally and economically.

Information

Grounded during a severe storm on the coast of Algeria.

Completed in three contractual stages, offering competitive and efficient solutions to the client.

  • Stage 1 - removal of oils and pollutants – using submersible hydraulically driven oil pumps, transferring to a lightering vessel, verifying all aspects of the operations
  • Stage 2 - wreck maintenance during wreck removal evaluation as part of a tender for next phase removal of the wreck
  • Stage 3 - wreck removal using in-house experienced personnel to complete essential removal process, together with the sinking of the aft section, 16 miles offshore

Alternative Design & Arrangements

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has accumulated significant experience in the assessment of alternative design and arrangements in accordance with the provisions of SOLAS and the respective IMO guidelines.

Information

Our expertise in design risk analysis, operational ship safety and ability to undertake engineering analysis in a multitude of disciplines allows us to provide efficient and robust input to the design team, when evaluating deviations from prescriptive requirements on behalf of ship designers, builders, owners or equipment manufacturers.

Our activities typically may include the following as required:

  • Initial feasibility assessment
  • Communication with Flag Administration
  • Coordination of the design team
  • Hazard identification meetings
  • Risk analysis
  • Evaluation of trial designs
  • Engineering analysis (fire and escape analysis, etc.)
  • Documentation and reporting for Flag approval

Brookes Bell has participated in a number of newbuilding projects and conversions of cruise vessels, ro-ro passenger vessels and offshore construction and offshore accommodation vessels where the level of design innovation necessitated the use of the alternative design provisions.

Examples:

  • Large fire zones (longer than 48 metres or larger than 1600 m2)
  • Location and size of public spaces
  • Novel fire protection arrangements
  • Escape arrangements
  • Large lifeboats (in excess of 150 persons)
  • Survival craft design
  • Configuration of survival craft on board
  • Verification of watertight subdivision

Bulbous Bow & Ducktail Design

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has a strong track record in the area of Bulbous Bow and Ducktail design. We have carried out a large number of projects for vessel types ranging from Ropax ferries to bulk carriers.

Information

Our extensive experience in the area of CFD allows us to carry out state of the art analysis using industry standard RANSE packages. We have invested heavily in both software and computer hardware to allow both accurate and fast computation times which allow for a large number of design configurations to be testing in a matter of hours. Our experienced consultants have developed advance parametric bulbous bows and ducktails which can be quickly adapted to any vessel type. When this is combined with our fast CFD computation times it means we are able to provide our clients with a large number of design variations to be considered, which ensures that a more optimal design is achieved.

Brookes Bell has had its designs proven in both the test tank and also on full size vessels following installation, proving that we provide our clients with a cost effective solution in the area of fuel saving.

 

 

Hazard Identification (HAZID, SWIFT)

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 141 572 5570

Brookes Bell Group has access to a large pool of high-caliber experts comprising master mariners, marine engineers, cargo scientists and naval architects with vast accident investigation and surveying experience.

Information

This unique mix of in-house risk analysts and experts ensures that operational and failure knowledge is passed on to designers through the various hazard identification workshops including HAZID, SWIFT and HAZOP. The experts are able to follow up actions in the form of audits and surveys during construction, sea trials and during operation.

Formal Safety Assessment, according to IMO guidelines

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 141 572 5570

FSA is a structured and systematic methodology, aimed at enhancing maritime safety, including protection of life, health, the marine environment and property, by using risk analysis and cost benefit assessment.

Information

FSA can be used as a tool to help in the evaluation of new regulations for maritime safety and protection of the marine environment or in making a comparison between existing and possibly improved regulations, with a view to achieving a balance between the various technical and operational issues, including the human element, and between maritime safety or protection of the marine environment and costs.

FSA consists of five main steps:

  • hazard identification
  • risk analysis
  • risk reduction (risk control options)
  • cost-benefit analysis
  • recommendations

Brookes Bell Group has undertaken and participated in various FSA studies on a varied range of topics related to shipping and the safety of human life and protection of the environment, including the following:

  • Design and operation of passenger ships (cruise and ropax)
  • Design and operation of bulk carriers
  • Operation of passenger ships in Polar regions
  • Traffic of large oil tankers in environmentally sensitive areas
  • Evaluation of SOx emission-control options.

Fire and Explosion Risk Assessment (FERA)

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 141 572 5570

Fire and explosion risk assessment can be undertaken at concept and design stages to identify major accident (dimensioning) events and verify the suitability of applied fire safety provisions.

Information

Brookes Bell Group has developed fire risk screening methods for assessing ship/installation layout alternatives.

We can undertake fire engineering and tenability calculations employing state-of the-art software and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Fire safety arrangements can be verified using performance criteria and emergency scenarios are defined for EERA. The EERA process is carried out in accordance with UK PFEER regulations.

Fire Engineering Analysis; fire and smoke vs escape and egress

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 141 572 5570

Fire and explosion risk assessment can be undertaken at concept and design stages to identify major accident (dimensioning) events and verify the suitability of applied fire safety provisions.

Information

Safety at Sea has developed fire risk screening methods for assessing ship/installation layout alternatives.

We can undertake fire engineering and tenability calculations employing state-of the-art software and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Fire safety arrangements can be verified using performance criteria and emergency scenarios are defined for EERA. The EERA process is carried out in accordance with UK PFEER regulations.

Escape, Evacuation and Rescue (EERA)

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 141 572 5570

Brookes Bell provides a comprehensive verification of compliance with statutory, class and relevant national EERA regulations.

Information

Brookes Bell Group has experience in undertaking EERA for the following types of vessels:

  • Pipelay vessels;
  • Offshore construction vessels;
  • Accommodation units;
  • Surface and column-stabilised MOU;
  • MODU – including in Arctic environments
  • Fixed platforms;

The EERA includes a comprehensive verification of compliance with statutory, class and relevant national regulations. We have experience of applying Norwegian, Australian and UK/PFEER Regulations.  The EERA process typically covers the following aspects:

  • Identification of major accidents and dimensioning events
  • Risk assessment
  • Alarm and detection
  • Egress and access to muster areas: egress/escape analysis using a pedestrian dynamic simulation model (EVI)
  • Temporary refuge
  • Evacuation and escape means
  • PPE and rescue arrangements

The EERA process can be applied at concept, design and/or during construction.

 

Safe Return to Port

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group has taken the lead in the implementation of the SOLAS ‘safe return to port’ (SRTP) requirements for essential ship systems.

Information

Brookes Bell has developed a sophisticated approach for evaluating the redundancy of essential ship systems in accordance with SOLAS provisions and IMO guidelines.

During the design development and verification stages, the use of our in-house systems redundancy verification software allows us to perform extensive and detailed FMEA studies on behalf of ship designers/builders, leading to the development of the required documentation for Flag approval. The analysis software is also available for purchase, with Brookes Bell providing training and technical support.

Due to the extent and nature of the design verification information, one of the most challenging aspects of the SRTP provisions is the ability by the crew on board, to demonstrate compliance with these requirements. Taking the lead from a major cruise vessel operator, Brookes Bell has developed a SRTP crew advisory tool to assist the ship emergency organisation on board to define appropriate crew instructions for containing damages and recovering essential ship systems in line with the SRTP design verification documentation. This instructions are edited and maintained on board using the on board SRTP crew advisory tool which can be used to plan and carry out and monitor the SRTP drills.

The on board SRTP crew advisory tool is a stand-alone system installed at two locations: typically at the safety centre and the ECR. The system has a core (generic) and a customisable (ship-specific) element, where company specific emergency organisation arrangements can be incorporated.

Watertight Door Exemption Studies

Design Support Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell Group Naval Architects have carried out numerous floatability assessments for vessels ranging from Ro-Ro ferries to large Cruise Liners.

Information

Brookes Bell Group Naval Architects have carried out numerous floatability assessments for vessels ranging from Ro-Ro ferries to large Cruise Liners. The assessments are carried out in line with Appendix 1 of IMO MSC.1/Circ.1380 to allow exemptions to be issued for specific watertight doors on vessels to remain open at sea or during vessel operation.

Brookes Bell can also assist when the regulatory method of demonstrating compliance with floatability assessments is not possible. Our extensive expertise in the area of stability assessment and vessel conversions allows us to provide cost effective options to our clients. We are also able to carry out more detailed “alternative” design studies by applying our vessel flooding simulation software to assess if door exemptions can be permitted from an equivalent safety level stand point.

New Building Inspection & Survey

Marine Surveying Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Brookes Bell group regularly provide expert technical advice to assist in new-building problem resolution for contractual disputes on behalf of Yards and Buyers.

Information

Brookes Bell group regularly provide expert technical advice to assist in new-building problem resolution for contractual disputes on behalf of Yards and Buyers.

The Group’s extensive Naval Architecture expertise and Engineering analysis is available in support of new-building disputes, new designs and conversion projects.

Brookes Bell has offices in both the Far East and Europe and can provide fast on-site support to assist in issues as they arise.

We have a comprehensive and proven track record of providing expert evidence in a wide range of areas relating to new-buildings.

 

 

SRTP Emergency Drills Management Information System

Software Products

Contact Us: +44 141 572 5570

Demonstrating compliance with 'Safe Return to Port' requirements in Operation with Brookes Bell Safety at Sea Software

Information

Based on the principles of collective learning. Customised system installed on Royal Caribbean Cruises’ ANTHEM OF THE SEAS and OVATION OF THE SEAS.

Compliance with SOLAS Safe Return to Port (SRTP) requirements needs to be demonstrated during the design process and during the operation. The former is usually within the scope of delivery of the builder. The latter is the responsibility of the ship owner/operator.

The design verification is typically carried out using Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) for each essential system. The process is outlined in MSC Circ. 1369. The outcome of the verification typically consists of a series of extensive reports of FMEA studies for each essential system. These are approved by an Authorized Organisation (e.g. Class Society) on behalf of the Flag State.

Once the ship is in service, it is the responsibility of the ship’s crew to demonstrate compliance with SRTP requirements - at the request of the Flag State or Port State Control. The owner/operator team and ship crew need to acquaint themselves with and interpret the outcome of the FMEA studies delivered with the ship in order to develop the crew procedures for containing any of the damages defined in the SRTP regulations and recovering the operability of the affected essential systems. This task is challenging due to a number of reasons, such as:

  • Complexity: The number of required manual steps to recover the operability of the ship systems for a single casualty may range from few to hundreds of individual actions. Moreover, the SRTP requirements need to be demonstrated for a large number (100+) of casualties (depending on ship size). Therefore, vast amounts of information need to be stored and accessed efficiently. The traditional paper copies of muster list and crew action cards may not be a viable solution.
  • Need of design validation: most FMEA studies are carried out at early design stages and the routing of most systems connections (cables and pipes) are only consolidated towards the end of the basic design process. Therefore discrepancies between the FMEA studies and the as-built situation may occur. It is difficult to identify and keep track of these in a timely and systematic manner. The validation of design assumptions needs to be carried out as early as possible after the delivery of the ship.

Once the crew procedures are defined, continuous and systematic drills need to be conducted to ensure that the crew tasked with carrying out manual actions are familiar and competent with the emergency control procedures, in line with the correct design intentions and for all SRTP scenarios. The challenges include:

  • On board resources: Planning of and conducting SRTP drills is likely to require extensive efforts due to the large number of scenarios and associated manual actions. Manual actions may involve sequential steps carried out at different locations throughout the ship, requiring for example specific access arrangements. This logistic information (not necessarily provided in the FMEA studies) needs to be defined and recorded in a systematic manner and made available to crew throughout the life of the ship.
  • Crew competence: Alongside other damage control efforts and muster list activities, the technical response teams will now be tasked with carrying out additional actions required to demonstrate compliance with SRTP requirements - within a specified time period [1] hour. These additional tasks will put pressure on the operational command and crew themselves to plan and carry out the plan as efficiently as possible. This is particularly challenging when turnaround of crew is expected to be high.
SRTP On board Advisory System

Building on the success of the Brookes Bell Systems FMEA software for SRTP design verification and aiming to address the operational challenges outlined above, Brookes Bell Safety at Sea developed a SRTP on board crew advisory system, designed to be an emergency information management system with the following capabilities:

  • Store information relating to SRTP casualty damages and associated manual actions required to contain the damage and recover the affected essential ship systems
  • Facilitate planning, monitoring and analysis of drills. This capability is not limited to SRTP only but it can be used for general damage control as well
  • Allow controlled and secure modification of the information to reflect on board experience for the benefit of the emergency command and technical crew (collective learning principles).

The tool runs on two or more dedicated network linked computers with interchangeable master/slave capability mode and located as a minimum at the safety centre and the ECR. Additional features include:

  • Customised to ship layout and crew list
  • Automatic link to BB Systems FMEA results database (if available)
  • Interactive GUI
  • Password-protected management

Electronic emergency crew action cards (to be released)

  • Post-drill analysis and reporting
  • Ability to add other muster list duties (e.g. flooding damage control)

Further information: enquiries@safety-at-sea.co.uk.

Escape and Evacuation Analysis

Software Products

Contact Us: +44 141 572 5570

Escape and evacuation analysis are an integral part of the design verification of passenger ro-ro ferries, cruise liners, offshore construction vessels, offshore installations, ports and other assets with high levels of occupancy.

Information

This process encompasses qualitative and quantitative assessment of the following among others:

  • Dimensioning of escape routes
  • Muster stations and life-saving appliances (LSA) arrangements
  • Temporary refuge - layout and survivability (offshore assets only)
  • Rescue arrangements
  • Evacuation analysis
  • Muster list development - manning and emergency organisation

Brookes Bell Safety at Sea (BB SaS) has extensive knowledge of the relevant national and international safety legislation and experience in the application of the ensuing requirements in different contexts and geographical locations.

Advanced evacuation analysis

Advanced evacuation analysis is meant to be a computer-based simulation that represents each occupant as an individual, and that has a detailed representation of the layout of a ship and represents the interaction between the occupants and the layout (ref to IMO MSC\Circ.1238).

Advanced evacuation analysis is conducted during concept and basic design stages to verify the effectiveness of the planned escape routes and the location of muster stations. It is also aimed at identifying and eliminating potential congestion points.

Safety at Sea has carried out advanced evacuation analysis on more than 40 passengers ships, including ropax ferries, cruise vessels and large capacity offshore construction vessels using the software tool EVI – a pedestrian dynamics simulation tool that was conceived in partnership with the University of Strathclyde in 2001. Since 2002, Safety at Sea has developed, implemented and maintained the tool to address a plethora of commercial applications, including Alternative Design and Arrangements.

The software is also used as a pedestrian dynamics simulation tool to assess the performance of ship and port layouts including in non-emergency situations.

EVI features
  • Efficient modelling (use CAD files to build accurate models within minutes)
  • Multi-agent simulation
  • Semi-continuous space modelling (hybrid approach for discretising environment - not constrained by fixed-size cells or grids, commonly used in other software)
  • Sophisticated mesoscopic agent’s behaviour model:
    • Microscopic behaviour (personal space, interaction with environment and others)
    • Macroscopic behaviour (objectives and path planning)
  • Explicit modelling of uncertainty (Monte-Carlo simulation approach) including occupants demographics (walking speed)
  • Commands and scripting capabilities (to model complex scenarios, e.g. for validation of Muster List and crew procedures)
  • Automatic standard and user-defined reporting
  • Real-time simulation and 3-D interactive graphical user interface (play-back and analysis)
  • Links to flooding and fire dynamic simulation software to undertake direct assessment of the impact of smoke and flooding on escape/evacuation performance.
Validation and verification

Component testing, functional and qualitative verification in line with Annex 3 of MSC/Circ.1238. Regarding quantitative verification, Brookes Bell Safety at Sea actively participates in research activities to ensure state-of-the-art experimental data and knowledge is incorporated promptly in all in-house software. R&D projects supporting EVI developments include:

SAFENVSHIPS
  • Website: http://www.eurekanetwork.org/project/id/2835
  • EUREKA funded project 2 835
  • Started March 2002, finished 20 June 2006
  • Partners: Fincantieri, Carnival, RINA, among others
  • Our activities: WP2, full scale assembly trials on cruise vessel
SAFEGUARD
  • Website: http://www.safeguardproject.info/
  • EC funded FP7 project
  • Started September 2009, finished November 2012
  • Partners: BMT, BV, Royal Caribbean Cruises, Color Line, among others
  • Our activities: full scale trials on ro-pax and a cruise vessels.
IT requirements
Operating System Windows XP, Vista and 7
Processor Dual core preferred
RAM 1.0GB available
Disk Space 730MB for EVI plus space for project files, approx 1GB
Monitors 20" Recommended

Further information: enquiries@safety-at-sea.co.uk.

Safe Return to Port Design Verification FMEA

Software Products

Contact Us: +44 141 572 5570

BB Systems FMEA is a software tool developed to assess ship systems vulnerability in accordance with the Safe Return to Port (SRTP) concept as implicit in Ch. II-2 of the SOLAS Convention.

Information

The tool is designed for verification of redundancy of essential ship systems. At present, this type of analysis is required by SOLAS for large passenger ships. Similar verification is routinely undertaken for vital operating systems (e.g. Dynamic Positioning systems) of offshore vessels as part of the design risk assessment process.

The outcome of the verification process may include crew actions and instructions for recovering systems functionality. The tool also provides a dedicated GUI for viewing those outcomes on a standalone computer, facilitating use on board and for training purposes.

SOLAS requirements for passenger ships

New requirements for ship systems (SOLAS Ch. II-2, regulations 21 and 22) are applicable to all passenger ships constructed on or after 1 July 2010, having length of 120 m or more or having three or more main vertical zones. This potentially includes a range of large offshore vessels (pipe layers, construction vessels, etc.) in accordance with the Special Purpose Ship (SPS) Code (2008).

The provisions require that a number of essential ship systems remain operational after a fire or flooding casualty not exceeding a specified fire casualty threshold and a single watertight room, respectively.

The essential ship systems include propulsion, steering and steering-control, navigation, internal/external communication, fire main, bilge and ballast systems, power-operated watertight doors and flooding detection systems. Additional systems to support “safe areas” on-board are also required to be operable to a minimum level of habitability (provision of food, fresh water, and basic sanitary services among others).

The new provisions also provide design criteria for systems required to remain operational for supporting the orderly abandonment of a ship. These include fire main, internal/external communications, bilge, lighting and guidance systems for evacuation.

The topological complexity of certain essential systems (e.g. propulsion and steering, electrical generation and distribution, safe areas, among others) and the amount of possible casualty damages (hundreds of flooding and fire cases) require an explicit detailed verification, which, more often than not, requires a significant amount of effort and time.

Compliance with SOLAS SRTP requirements needs to be demonstrated during the design process, and this is usually within the scope of delivery of the builder.

The design verification is typically carried out using Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) for each essential system. The process is outlined in MSC Circ. 1369. The outcome of the verification typically consists of a series of extensive reports of FMEA studies for each essential system.

BB Systems FMEA - basic design verification system

In anticipation of the adoption of the SRtP regulations, in 2009, Brookes Bell Safety at Sea Ltd started the development of a software tool to carry out analysis of residual systems availability after flooding or fire damage. The software has been developed in-house and in collaboration with major ship yards and design offices.

The software can be used during the basic design stages, when the systems concepts and principles have been defined.

Key features
  • Interactive GUI: Working environment integrates (1) watertight subdivision, (2) arrangement of fire compartmentation and (3) systems topological diagrams
  • Efficient data management: The program incorporates the use of a SQL database which allows for multiple users working on the same project and allows detailed tracking of changes and updates
  • Assessment of both physical damage and impact on system functionality / operability
  • Automatic report generation and documentation: customised for (i) design iterations, (ii) FMEA verification or (iii) statutory approval
  • Facility to import (and update) watertight subdivision and A-class boundaries from DXF drawings
Process
  • Import ship watertight subdivision and fire compartmentation
  • Modelling of systems: dedicated interactive GUI used to create system model from systems’ concept drawings, single line diagrams or systems’ topological diagrams. Level of detail can be adjusted to stage of design. Cabling and piping can be imported from tabular data. Operability criteria are user-defined.
  • Automatic definition of casualty scenarios (damages) with ability to modify manually and define custom damages.
  • Use of Binary Decision Diagrams (BDD) to establish impact of casualty scenarios and damages on modelled systems components, sub-systems, systems and ultimately on defined operability criteria.
Operating System Windows 7, 8 or 10
Processor Dual core preferred, 64-bit architecture required.
RAM 2.0 GB available
Disk Space 30 MB for software plus space for project files, approx. 1 GB for reasonable sized projects
Monitors 20"+ Required, 2 * 20"+ Recommended. (Supports as many monitors as computer can handle)
MS SQL Server 2014 Either running on local machine or network (allow multiple users simultaneously)
Summary
  • Comprehensive verification: ability to comprehensively validate the redundancy of complex systems to any type of scenario, including loss of multiple compartments.
  • Understanding of critical failures: the outcome of the analysis carried out with SAM includes information on the impact of failures on active components, subsystems and auxiliaries, including power generation and supply. It also provides options for recovering the systems, including manual actions by the crew. The system can greatly enhance the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) process.
  • Time efficiency: Operability of systems can be achieved by systems segregation, redundancy and/or active recovery of affected components and sub-systems. The SAM environment allows the designer to assess systems design alternatives in a time-efficient manner; facilitating the identification of optimal ship systems concepts and arrangements: i.e. in line with statutory provisions and consistent with operational practice.
  • Documentation facility: The outcome of the analysis is reported automatically and can be customised to facilitate design iterations or final verification. The results can be presented and analysed (i) system by system, (ii) by location and (iii) by type of damage. The level of detail of the results is suitable for use in FMEA studies.
  • Life-cycle utility: The SAM model developed during the design process can be used to assess and monitor compliance throughout the lifecycle: during planned maintenance, during upgrades and conversion, etc.
  • Crew-Operating manuals: Once an SAM model is available, the analysis can be easily expanded to assess systems operability and vulnerability in more representative casualty scenarios. This can greatly assist in the development of crew operating manuals, emergency contingency planning and crew training.

Further information: enquiries@safety-at-sea.co.uk.

Condition Surveys

Marine Surveying Services

Contact Us: +44 151 236 0083

Accurate condition surveys are vital for owners (both current and prospective), insurers and charterers of vessels in order that all parties are aware of the situation of a vessel at any particular point in time whether it be an On/Off hire survey, pre-purchase survey or suitability survey for a particular project.

Information

Accurate condition surveys are vital for owners (both current and prospective), insurers and charterers of vessels in order that all parties are aware of the situation of a vessel at any particular point in time whether it be an On/Off hire survey, pre-purchase survey or suitability survey for a particular project.

Brookes Bell has vast experience of providing comprehensive, accurate and fair condition survey reports conducted both unilaterally or jointly. Our surveyors provide a definitive breakdown of the vessel covering all aspects including the classification status, status of safety/navigation equipment and machinery and its maintenance.

The overall condition of the vessel is provided with consideration to wear and tear, defective and damaged items. We also provide fair estimates for any remedial works that may be necessary.